• In 1952, Klein’s paintings were exhibited in Milan at the Galleria del Milione - which, by chance, led to his first real experiment in photography. He was preoccupied then with changing forms, with ominous geometrical shapes that could be used as murals. The Italian architect Mangiarotti saw Klein’s work and asked him to adapt it into reversible panels that could move or divide a room, creating many chance combinations and multiple patterns.

    When they were finished, Klein took several photographs of them, and stumbled on photography. Quite by chance, he spun one of the panels on its pivot during a long exposure. The result gave him an idea. He thought if he could record the movement of these geometrical forms - record their trace in time - then he might discover a way of escaping the rut of what he calls “the same old paintings of circles, squares and triangles.” So he fixed up a little darkroom and tried to re-create the accidental time exposures on purpose. He cut out geometrical holes in black cardboard and projected light through them whilemoving the cut-out shapes at different speeds over photographic paper. The trace left on the paper was a geometrical time exposure. It was a picture.

    Klein had discovered for himself a way of literally drawing with light. The results weren’t objects recording themselves in white on black like Man Ray’s photograms. They were controlled projections in which shapes came out black (depending on the exposure of light) and their trace in time (the vision in motion) different shades of gray. When the results were photographed and blown up, they became photo murals’.

    John Heilpern, from the Aperture monograph William Klein, published 1981 

    Illustrated works: (coming soon)

  • "I have always done the opposite of what I was trained to do... Having little technical background, I became a photographer. Adopting a machine, I do my utmost to make it malfunction. For me, to make a photograph is to make an anti-photograph".

    “Among modern photographers, it could be said that Klein is the joker in the pack. Without formal training, he set out to discover a way of taking pictures—and invented a prototype. A nonconformist, a displaced person, he says with wariness now that he once believed in John Cage’s dictum that every spectator is always in the best seat.

    “And like the work, the man can seem wayward—a wayward improvisation without (it seems) a center. “Anything goes,” Klein likes to say. He is a man of enormous talent and enormous defensiveness. At times he can remind you of the middle-aged hip photographer portrayed by Dennis Hopper in Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now—a 60s figure, egotistical, and maddening. At other times, he can appear so boyish and enthusiastic, particularly about photography, that he seems more like Luke Skywalker going “Gee whiz!” at what the world contains. Both images of him, like any image, can prove deceptive.

    “At the center of Klein’s work can be found an unexpected seriousness that virtually amounts to a declaration of faith. Klein succeeded in changing photography. Part of his talent was in showing us what the possibilities of a photograph could be. The root and heart of his work, from his early paintings and graphic designs to photography and films, reveal his fascination with the image of the city life and dream-nightmare around him—images that he first captured with a camera as if he were in a trance.


    John Heilpern, from the Aperture monograph William Klein, published 1981

  • William Klein (born in New York, New York, USA, on April 19, 1928) is a photographer and filmmaker noted for his ironic approach to both media and his extensive use of unusual photographic techniques in the context of photojournalism and fashion photography. He was ranked 25th on Professional Photographer's Top 100 Most influential photographers. Trained as a painter, Klein studied under Fernand Léger and found early success with exhibitions of his work. However, he soon moved on to photography and achieved widespread fame as a fashion photographer for Vogue and for his photo essays on various cities. Despite having no training as a photographer, Klein won the Prix Nadar in 1957 for New York, a book of photographs taken during a brief return to his hometown in 1954.

    Klein's work was considered revolutionary for its "ambivalent and ironic approach to the world of fashion", its "uncompromising rejection of the then prevailing rules of photography" and for his extensive use of wide-angle and telephoto lenses, natural lighting and motion blur. Klein tends to be cited in photography books along with Robert Frank as among the fathers of street photography, one of those mixed compliments that classifies a man who is hard to classify. The world of fashion would become the subject for Klein's first feature film, Who Are You, Polly Maggoo?, which, like his other two fiction features, Mr. Freedom and The Model Couple, is a satire. Klein has directed numerous short and feature-length documentaries and has produced over 250 television commercials. Though American by birth, Klein has lived and worked in France since his late teens. His work has sometimes been openly critical of American society and foreign policy; the film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum once wrote that Klein's 1968 satire Mr. Freedom was "conceivably the most anti-American movie ever made."

    Klein was born into an impoverished Jewish family. Klein graduated from high school early and enrolled at the City College of New York at the age of 14 to study sociology. Klein joined the US Army and was stationed in Germany and later France, where he would permanently settle after being discharged. In 1948, Klein enrolled at the Sorbonne, and later studied with Fernand Léger. At the time, Klein was interested in abstract painting and sculpture. In 1952, Klein had two successful solo exhibitions in Milan and began a collaboration with the architect Angelo Mangiarotti. Klein also experimented with kinetic art, and it was at an exhibition of his kinetic sculptures that he met Alexander Liberman, the art director for Vogue. In 1966, Klein directed his first feature film, Who Are You, Polly Maggoo? He has since directed many others, including the cinéma vérité documentary Grands soirs et petits matins, the 1964 documentary Cassius the Great, re-edited with new footage as Muhammed Ali, The Greatest in 1969, and the satires Mr. Freedom and Le Couple Témoin. A long time tennis fan, in 1982 he directed The French, a documentary on the French Open tennis championship at Roland-Garros.

    The recipient of numerous awards, Klein was honoured with a commander of Arts and Letters in France in 1989, the medal of the century by the Royal Photographic Society in London in 1999, the International Center of Photography Infinity Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2007, and the outstanding contribution to photography Award at the 2012 Sony World photography Awards.

    Works by William Klein are included in the collections of such institutions as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York; and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. Klein lives and works in Paris, France.

  • Selected Solo Exhibitions

    Manifesto, Fundacio Catalunya-La Pedrera, Barcelona, Spain

    William Klein. Manifesto, Espacio Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain

    William Klein, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.
    Extraits de l’Oeuvre Photographique, Maison de la Photographie, Lille, France.
    William Klein: Fashion + Light, HackelBury Fine Art, London, UK
    William + Klein – Retrospective, Polka Galerie, Paris, France.

    William Klein, Galerie de la Béraudière, Brussels, Belgium.
    Bises de Nice, Moscou et Tokyo, Musée de la Photographie Charles Nègre, Nice, France.
    William Klein, C/O, Berlin, Germany.
    Paris + Klein, Polka Galerie, Paris, France.
    Dance Happening Tokyo 1961, Akio Nagasawa, Tokyo, Japan.
    Fashion Photos, Grob Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland.
    5 Cities, Le Botanique, Brussels, Belgium.

    ÉCHANTILLONS, Galerie Clairefontaine Espace 2, Luxembourg.
    Il mondo a modo suo, Palazzo della Ragione, Milan, Italy.
    Figure(s) du siècle, Centre Photographique de Normandie, Rouen, France.
    Paris + New York + Roma, Jackson Fine Art, Atlanta, GA.

    William Klein: Black and Light, HackelBury Fine Art, London, UK.
    Tokyo 1961, Polka Galerie, Paris, France.
    Brooklyn, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.

    William Klein, Michael Hoppen Gallery, London, UK.
    Brooklyn + William Klein, Polka Galerie, Paris, France.
    William Klein, FOAM Museum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

    Paintings, Etc, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.
    Contacts, Ambra Gallery, Rome, Italy.

    Klein + Rome, Maison de la Photographie, Lille, France.
    New York. 1955, Moscow House of Photography, Moscow, Russia.
    Paintings, Etc, HackelBury Fine Art, London, UK.

    Klein + 10 Collectionneurs, Galerie Le Réverbère, Lyon, France.
    Memorie di Italia ’90, Il Torchio – Costantini Arte Contemporanea, Milan, Italy.

    William Klein, Gallery Fifty One, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Roma – Fotografie 1956 – 1960, Mercati di Traiano Museo dei Fori Imperiali, Rome, Italy.
    Heat + High Fashion, Jackson Fine Art, Atlanta, GA.

    Contacts, FORMA Centro Internazionale di Fotografia, Milan, Italy.

    Dressage,Maison Européene de la Photographie, Paris, France.
    Life is Art Art is Life, Maybe, Gallery Lumiere Seoul, Seoul, South Korea.
    USA GREECE PARIS, Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art, Thessaloniki, Greece.

    Prints 1955-2007, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.
    Exposition de William Klein, Artothèque municipale de Grenoble, Grenoble, France.

    Rétrospective, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France.
    The cities of Klein, PHotoEspaña 2005 (PHE05), Madrid, Spain.

    Paris and Klein, Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany.
    Retrospectieve, FotoMuseum Antwerp (FoMu), Antwerp, Belgium.
    Paris + Klein, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography Tokyo, Japan. Travelled to: Moscow House of Photography, Moscow, Russia.

    Old and new work, Fifty One Fine Art Photography, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Paris+Klein, Spazio Oberdan, Milan, Italy.
    Tokyo 1961, Gallery 292, New York, NY.
    Paris + Klein, Galerie Ám Tunnel, Luxembourg.

    Painted Contacts, Charles Cowles Gallery, New York, NY.

    Old and New York, Carla Sozzani Gallery, Milan, Italy.

    Maison Europeene De La Photographie, Paris, France.

    William Klein New York 1954 – 1955, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA.

    Photographs by William Klein: Recent Acquisitions, California Museum of Photography, Riverside, CA.
    Victoria And Albert Museum, London, UK.

    Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.

    Light Gallery, New York, NY,
    Light Gallery, Los Angeles, CA.
    William Klein, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.

    Canon Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland.
    National Foundation of Photography, Lyon, France.

    Fiolet Gallery, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Apeldoorn Museum, Apeldoorn, the Netherlands.
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.

    Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

    Jaeger, London, UK.

    Fuji Photo Salon, Tokyo, Japan.

    Vista Books, London, UK.

    La Hune, Paris, France.

    Galerie Apollo, Brussels, Belgium.
    Salon des Realites Nouvelles, Paris, France.

    Galleria del Milione, Milan. Italy.

    Galerie Dietrich-Lou Cosyns, Brussels, Belgium.

    Selected Group Exhibitions

    Modern Look: Photography and the American Magazine, Jewish Museum, New York, NY.
    Memoria e Passione, CAMERA – Centro Italiano per la Fotografia, Turin, Italy.
    Paris Des Photographes, Galerie Argentic, Paris, France.
    NEW YORK, NEW YORK!, Peter Fetterman Gallery, Santa Monica, CA.
    The Stories They Tell, Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, CA.
    Street.Life. Photography, Kunst Haus Wien, Vienna, Austria.
    Fotografik: Klein, Ifert, Zamecznik, Museum für Gestaltung, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Shot In Soho, Photographers Gallery, London, UK

    Déjà-vus photographiques, Contemporary Art Gallery “Am Tunnel”, Luxembourg
    25 Years of Atlas Gallery, Atlas Gallery, London, UK.
    Instantes Decisivos da Fotografia do Século XX, Centro Cultural de Cascais, Cascais, Portugal.
    Child: A Celebration, Child: A Celebration, Peter Fetterman Gallery, Santa Monica, CA.
    AMERICA!, Michael Hoppen Gallery, London, UK.
    Still Art Collection. Selected works, Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, Russia.

    MENSCHENsKINDER, Städtische Galerie, Rosenheim, Germany.
    Honneur aux éditeurs!, Galerie Le Réverbère, Lyon, France.
    Tote Ausstellung, Galerie aKonzept, Berlin, Germany.
    Between Art & Fashion, Newton Foundation, Berlin, Germany.
    Masters of Photography 2018, Huxley-Parlour, London, UK.
    [SPACE] STREET. LIFE. PHOTOGRAPHY, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany.
    The Fashion Show, Peter Fetterman Gallery, Santa Monica, CA.
    Changes, Staley-Wise Gallery, New York, NY.
    Staff Picks VII, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.
    Young at Heart, Stephen Daiter Gallery, Chicago.
    so beautiful, in focus galerie, Cologne, Germany.
    NEW PLANET PHOTO CITY, 21_21 Design Sight, Tokyo, Japan.
    SHOOT! SHOOT! SHOOT!, Ludwig Galerie Schloss, Oberhausen, Germany. Travelled to: Münchner Stadtmuseum, Munich, Germany.
    Une Histoire de la Photographie, Musée de la Photographie Charles Nègre, Nice, France.
    Eyes Wild Open, Le Botanique, Brussels, Belgium.
    A New Vision, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY

    Total Records. Vinyl & photography, Barcelona, Spain.
    Photographisme, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France.
    XL – SIZE MATTERS, Gallery Fifty One, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Art + Place London, HackelBury Fine Art, London, UK.
    The Photograph as Witness: The American Cultural Landscape, Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, CA.
    Created Realities, Custot Gallery Dubai, Dubai, the United Arab Emirates.
    Between Art and Fashion, Musée des beaux-arts, Le Locle, Switzerland.
    Oscillation, Le Château d’Eau, Toulouse, France.
    multiple choice, Galerie Clairefontaine, Luxembourg.
    Star-Vu Ten Years of Photo Acquisitions, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    The Thrill of the Chase, Portland Museum of Art, Portland, OR.
    METROPOLIS, Michael Hoppen Gallery, London, UK.

    Diane Arbus – American portraits, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia.
    Eyes wide open! 100 years of Leica photography, Kunstfoyer, Munich, Germany.
    Light Works – The Art of Photograms, Atlas Gallery, London, UK.
    The Thrill of the Chase, The Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CN.
    SOME VERY GOOD PICTURES, Anzenberger Gallery, Vienna, Austria.
    Light Borne in Darkness, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI.

    Augen auf!, C/O, Berlin, Germany. Travelled to: Haus der Photographie, Hamburg, Germany.
    Über Wasser, Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg, Germany.
    Women in Clothes, Robert Klein Gallery, Boston, MA.
    Staged, Performed, Manipulated, Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, NY.
    Coming into Fashion, Moscow House of Photography, Moscow, Russia.
    Photojournalism and Reportage, Galleria Civica Modena, Modena, Italy.
    Subway, Stephen Bulger Gallery, Toronto, Canada.
    Lola Garrido Collection “A Portable History of Photography”, Casa del Cordón, Burgos, Spain. Travelled to: The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia, Sala San Benito, Valladolid, Spain, Campredon Centre d´art, Isle sur la Sorgue, France, Cristobal Balenciaga Museoa, Getaria, Spain, Patio Herreriano, Valladolid, Spain, Kuk e. V. Monschau, StaedteRegion Aachen, Germany, Galeria Miejska bwa Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland, Musée de la Photographie Charles Negre, Nice, France, Kutxa Kultur Artegunea, Tabakalera, San Sebastián, Spain.

    Coming into Fashion, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL.
    Paris Champ & Hors Champ, Bibliothèque Paris, Paris, France.
    The rush and calm, moments in the city, Fotomuseum Den Haag, the Hague, the Netherlands.
    Paparazzi!, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Modern Times. Photography in the 20th Century, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Artificial Light: Flash Photography in the Twentieth Century, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA.
    Only the Good Ones, Galerie Rudolfinum, Praha, Czech Republic.
    En compagnie de Guy Bourdin, Haus der Photographie, Hamburg, Germany.
    Una passione fotografica, Form Foundation for the Photography, Milan, Italy.

    The Shaping of New Visions: Photography, Film, Photobook, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
    Color! American Photography Transformed, Amon Carter Museum of American, Fort Worth, TX.
    Family Portrait, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA.
    Desir de Collection, Galerie Le Réverbère, Lyon, France.
    William Klein / Daido Moriyama, Tate Modern, London, UK.

    Klassiker der Photographie, Flo Peters Gallery, Hamburg, Germany.
    La Photographie en France 1950-2000, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France.
    Howard Greenberg – Collection, Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Fashion Clicks, Photographic Fine Art, Lugano, Switzerland.
    New York Stieglitz to Titarenko, Nailya Alexander Gallery, New York, NY.
    New York Photography 1890-1950, Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg, Germany.

    EYES ON PARIS, Haus der Photographie, Hamburg, Germany.
    Beyond Words: Photography in The New Yorker, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.
    Land/City/real/Iamgined, Diemar/Noble Photography, London, UK
    Of women’s modesty and anger, Boghossian Foundation, Brussels, Belgium
    Fashion – Story of a Lifetime, Noorderlicht Gallery, Groningen, Holland.

    Threads: Six Masters of Fashion Photography, Diemar/Noble Photography, London, UK,
    The Faces of Fashion, Peter Fetterman Gallery, Santa Monica, CA.
    The Heartbeat of Fashion, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY.

    Masters of Photography, Fifty One Fine Art Photography, Antwerp, Belgium.
    ICONS, Galerie Stephen Hoffman, Munich, Germany.
    BIG CITY, Wien museum, Vienna, Austria.
    This Is Not a Fashion Photograph, International Center of Photography, New York, NY
    Klein & Cie, Polka Galerie, Paris, France.

    70′. La Photographie américaine, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France.
    Street Art, Street Life: From the 1950s to Now, Bronx museum, New York, NY
    Photo20esimo, Museo d’Arte, Lugano, Italy.
    Modern Photographs: The Machine, the Body and the City – Selections, The Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, UK.
    FASHION – 9 decades of fashion photography, Camera Work, Berlin, Germany,
    Fashion in the mirror, Photographers Gallery, London, UK.
    Grey matters – photography is thinking, Finnish Museum of Photography, Helsinki, Finland.
    Paris en couleurs, Hôtel de Ville, Paris, France
    Réalités, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France.
    Mai 68, l’exposition Historique, Cosmos Galerie, Paris, France.

    New York at Night: Photographs from the Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
    Photography Collection: Rotation 4, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
    Mapping the City, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Holland.
    Italie – Doubles visions, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France.

    Fashion Photography, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
    Photography now, HackelBury Fine Art, London, UK
    The Streets of New York, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
    The Heartbeat of Fashion, Haus der Photographie, Hamburg, Germany.
    The Street: Pioneers of 20th-Century Photography, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Holland.
    Summer Vacation: Photographs from the Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA,

    Photography: Inaugural Installation, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
    Taking Place: Photographs from the Prentice and Paul Sack Collection. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA

    Colección fotográfica do Concello de Vigo 1984-2000, Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain.
    Une Passion Partagée, Le Botanique, Brussels, Belgium.
    Street Life. Werke internationaler Fotografen, ROTONDA-Galerie, Cologne, Germany.
    30 Photographes Américains, Galerie Nicole et Léon Herschtritt, Paris, France.
    30 Years Old, Ken Damy Museum, Brescia, Italy.
    don’ mention it, National Museum of Photography, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Unveiled, Eyestorm, Leeds, UK.
    Leica Magic Moments II, Bios – Cultural Venue, Arles, France.
    Suzy to Twiggy, Staley + Wise Gallery, New York, NY.
    American Photographs from 1900 to 1970, Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan.
    Paris des Photographes, Kloster Unser Lieben Frauen, Magdeburg, Germany.
    Important Photographs from a Private Swiss Collection, New York, NY.

    Driven Mad – Images from the 19th and 20th Century of the relationship between camera and car, Michael Hoppen Gallery, London, UK.
    Das Auge und der Apparat, Albertina, Vienna, Austria. Travelled to: Fotomuseum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, Munich, Germany.
    Magic Moments II. Ein Kulturprojekt der Leica Camera AG, Haus der Fotografie, Hamburg, Germany.

    Life of the City, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

    Open City: Street Photographs since 1950, Modern Art Oxford, Oxford, UK and Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC

    William Klein: Helmut newton, Irving Penn, David Seidner, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France

    MoMA2000, ModernStarts, People: Posed to Unposed: Encounters with the Camera, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
    Grand Manege, Moscow, Russia.
    Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland.
    FNAC, Paris, France.

    American Photography 1890-1965 from the Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
    Photography and Art 1946-1986, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA.

    Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia
    Saint-Gervais Center, Geneva, Switzerland.
    National Foundation, Madrid, Spain.

    Caixa Foundation, Barcelona, Spain.
    Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN.

    International Center of Photography, New York, NY.
    Presidential Palace, Prague, Czechoslovakia.

    Printemps De La Photo, Cahors, France.
    Morsbroich Museum, Leverkusen, Germany.

    Beaux Arts, Almeria, Spain.
    Stadts Museum, Munich, Germany.

    Hasselslad Center, Göteborg, Sweden.
    National Library, Turin, Italy.
    Volkwang Museum, Essen, Germany.

    Finnish Film Archives, Helsinki, Finland.
    Museum of Moving Images, London, UK.

    Musée d’Elysée, Lausanne, France.
    Osaka Museum, Osaka, Japan.
    Ludwig Museum, Cologne, Germany.

    Museum Of Photographic Arts, San Diego, CA.
    Printemps Ginza, Tokyo, Japan.
    Museum Of Modern Art, Paris, France.

    The New York School, Photographs, 1935-1963, part III, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

    50 Years of Vogue, Musée Jacquemart-André, Paris, France.

    French Photography: A Selection, 1945 – 1980, Zabriskie Gallery, Paris, France.

    Photography of the 50s, International Center of Photography, New York, NY Travelled to: Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tuscon. AZ, Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE.

    Edward Steichen Photography Centre Reinstallation, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.

    Festival International, Arles, France.
    10 Photographers from Atget to Klein, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
    Photographers’ Gallery, London, UK.
    The History of Fashion Photography, International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, NY.
    San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA.
    Cincinnati Art Institute, Cincinnati, OH.
    Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, FL.

    10 Fashion Photographers, George Eastman Museum, Rochester, NY. Travelled to: Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco, CA, Art Academy of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Russia.

    The Photographer’s Eye, Curated by John Szarkowski, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.

    Photokina, Cologne, Germany.

    Vista Books, London, UK.

    Saarbrucken, Subjecktive Fotografie 2.
    Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris, France.

  • Museum of Modern Art de la Ville, Paris, France
    The National Museum of Photography, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris, France
    Centre Pompidou – Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
    Institut d’art contemporain Villeurbanne/Rhône-Alpes, Lyon, France
    Yokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
    National Museum of Modern Art Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Fotostiftung Schweiz (Schweizerische Stiftung für die Photographie), Winterthur, Switzerland
    The Art Institute, Chicago, IL
    The Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, IL
    Southeast Museum of Photography, Daytona Beach, FL
    Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
    The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WI
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
    San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
    The National Gallery of Art in Washington, DCComing soon

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